Solar Energy History-Present-Future

The concept of solar energy was introduced in a premature finding in the year 1838, when Edmund Becquerel, an observer had published his finding on the transformation of light into a different form of energy. Since no one has believed his theory, there were no actions to pursue and develop this theory. As years rolled by, things have not changed until the effort of Augustin Mouchot in 1860 was recognized by the monarch of France who has funded the project.

The first patent design for a motor operating on solar energy was incorporated. The project was done to create a device to turn solar energy to run a steam engine. Later, the inventor modified and used the sun rays to power a steam engine to run the refrigerator to make ice. Due to various reason, there were no further developments took place in this arena.


Thanks to William Adams, who has published a detailed book with a title ‘A Substitute For Fuel In Tropical Countries’ in 1876. This scientist along with his assistant Richard Day has conducted various tests by using mirrors and made a higher torque steam motor which was greater than the motor used by August. Perhaps, this is the birth period of today’s solar energy system that works with solar panels. Later Charles Fritz has developed the device that changes the sun beam into electricity. This is the starting of solar panels wherein the solar cell delivers electricity.

Solar Energy After Industrialization

After the beginning of the twentieth century, the aspect of solar power has become no longer a science of one man experimentation and instead it became industrialized. The first Solar Energy Company was formed by Aubrey Enea in 1892 and later another company by the name The Solar Motor Co was started in 1905, which has sold the world’s very first solar energy system on a commercial basis. Later in the year 1970, the need was felt for an alternative to the non-renewable resources due to the severe energy crisis. This situation has pushed the prices of solar cells to go down as low as $20 per wattage.

Present Scenario

As the demand for the solar power is increasing, most of the homes and business establishments have started installi